根本就没有第三塞维利亚纳 对于一个吉他手. I remember when I just started gigging as a flamenco guitarist and sometimes the dancers on the gigs were as green as I was. One day one of the dancers on a gig said to me “play me a 3rd Sevillana”. 我当时看她的眼神就好像Gpk电子游戏平台当中有人疯了一样, so she insisted on showing me the Sevillana she was going to dance and told me she needed me to play the Sevillana that goes with that one. It took me a minute, but I finally figured out what she was talking about. 你看到, she had learned a Sevillanas choreography which included the four Sevillanas (I go into more detail and explain this below), 对她来说，每个塞维利亚纳都是不同的. She was used to hearing whatever music she had learned in class. I only had a few options (I had learned a few different Sevillanas and had a few solo guitar ones I played on gigs like this), but I knew something that she didn’t understand yet – that all Sevillanas are structurally identical! So I confidently told her that the one I was playing WAS a third Sevillana, Gpk电子游戏平台从此过上了幸福的生活.
The truth of the matter is that any Sevillana I played would have worked. 有些人的状态可能与其他人不同, 或者有不同的心情, 但不像其他帕洛斯人, 只要Gpk电子游戏平台俩配合得好就行, I knew everything would work out no matter which Sevillana I played. 继续阅读，理解其中的原因.
Sooner or later you’re going to have to learn Sevillanas!
And the thing that guitarists need to know is that from our point of view, 所有塞维利亚人基本上都一样. 话虽如此，塞维利亚纳是一个独特的帕罗. While they’re absolutely part of flamenco – and something you have to know if you’re a flamenco guitarist – they’re also sort of their own thing. 考虑以下:
- Spaniards who have almost nothing to do with flamenco are generally able to dance some kind of Sevillanas, 而且一直都是这样
- They’re as much Spanish folk music as they are flamenco
- 它们可以由独奏吉他手演奏, 歌手兼吉他, 或者是一个庞大的合唱团, groups of musicians playing Spanish folk instruments like bandurrias, 甚至管弦乐队. 当然，它们还可以跳舞.
- Unlike any other 加州 in flamenco, they have a fixed structure
As guitarists it’s easy to overlook the importance of Sevillanas. But play a few Tablao gigs or casuals (the weddings and corporate gigs so many of us do or have done to make a living) and you’re going to have to be able to play Sevillanas. And it’s not uncommon to see serious staged versions of Sevillanas either. 而且，它们真的很有趣!
The good news is that as you begin to accompany you can get away without learning all that much material at first. 因为每个塞维利亚人都有完全相同的结构, if you know one Sevillana you can start playing for class.
One confusing thing right off the bat is what we mean when we say ‘A Sevillana’. Gpk电子游戏平台可以把一首《Gpk电子游戏》当作一首小曲来唱, 通常一分钟左右, 它有一个固定的结构，看起来像这样:
- Guitar intro (this part can be as long or as short as you want, and can even be left off altogether)
- Cante intro or a little guitar falseta – 3 measures of 3/4
- 第一节- 12小节的3/4
- Second section – 12 measures of 3/4, and generally a repeat of the first section
- Third section – 12 measures of 3/4 and generally a variation on the first two sections
- The dance, if there is any, begins on the first beat of the first measure of the first section
This is one Sevillanas – but when danced or sung, we almost always perform four of these in a row. Just to make things even more confusing, we sometimes call this ‘a Sevillanas’. So one Sevillana can be one of the four Sevillanas you play, or it can refer to the set of four Sevillanas that you play. I wish there were separate words for this, but there just aren’t. 如果Gpk电子游戏平台进入coplas, 那么它可以指四个塞维利亚国家之一, 或者塞维利亚那三个地区中的一个, 再一次，没有帮助!
See some Sevillanas in action – Can you hear and count the structure?
舞者将学习四种不同的塞维利亚语来跳舞, 每个都有相同的结构, 但是彼此之间有点不同. For example, the third Sevillana has a distinctive footwork thing the dancers traditionally do there. But structurally and in terms of compás all of the Sevillanas are identical. So if a dancer asks you to play a third Sevillanas (or first, 第二或第四, for that matter) you can play any Sevillana you happen to know and it will work. 这听起来可能令人困惑, but the bottom line is good news: As far as you are concerned, 所有塞维利亚人都一样!