获得成就感, grow your musical ear and produce new guitar material all by learning to transcribe flamenco guitar with these easy steps. 继续读下去!

学习新材料最令人满意的方法之一就是抄写音乐. 抄写音乐就是听一些东西,然后学习用耳朵演奏. I also suspect that we retain the material we learn this way really well because we are so actively engaged in learning it.

如果你以前从未这样做过,它可能会让你畏缩, but there are a few tips that can get you started and hopefully keep you from getting too frustrated in the beginning.

先做重要的事

有几个问题必须解决, 尤其是弗拉门戈的抄写,Gpk电子游戏平台应该在开始的时候看看. 一开始,解决这些问题似乎很困难, but learning to address them will also really open up your ears to how the guitar works in flamenco.

I should say at the outset that one advantage of the YouTube era is that you can almost always ‘cheat’ and watch someone play the piece you’re transcribing. 当我上来的时候,这不是一个选择, and I suspect I would have availed myself of this advantage if I had had the chance when I was younger. 但我也很高兴我当时没有选择, 因为我觉得我的耳朵可能因此发育得更好了.

第一个问题:首领在哪里?

因为很多弗拉门戈舞都是用capo演奏的, before you start transcribing you’ll want to make sure you know where the player you’re transcribing has the capo on their guitar. 假设你没有视频,你真的需要用你的耳朵来决定.

假设你正在学习Soleá. 你要做的第一件事是听哪里吉他解决. 一般, you’ll want to look for a traditional-sounding 10-11-12 (traditionally played on an E-shape chord). 很可能你听到的不是开放E弦,而是更高的E弦, so at this point you’d slide your finger up the sixth string until you hit the note that’s the root of that ‘E’ chord (I put it in quotes because with the capo it’s no longer really an E, 尽管它看起来像!). 把你的capo放在那里,播放一些Soleá,看看这听起来是否像正确的钥匙.

是传统调吗?

偶尔你会听到一首听起来很熟悉但又不太熟悉的曲子. 也许Soleá的解决方法与您以前听到的不同, 或是有着不寻常嗓音的Fandango乐队. It’s very possible that the guitarist is playing in a key other than the most traditional choice. (再一次, 我所说的“键”是指和弦语音(形状)的集合,而不是一个真正的键, 因为在弗拉门戈中,卡波把“钥匙”说成是无关紧要的). 一个常见的例子是Soleá可以播放超过五分镍币而不是为什么Arriba. The main way you would recognize this is by listening to the cadences and seeing if they sound like they’re being played 为什么Arriba or 超过五分镍币.

Gpk电子游戏平台已经拍摄了一系列关于这些声音的视频, 如果你需要记住或刷新自己的每一个这些是什么, 点击这里查看视频播放列表: 为什么Arriba or 超过五分镍币.

第二个问题:弄清楚这一切.

怎么算出来呢? 说起来容易做起来难!

如果你同时玩过Soleá (为什么Arriba)和Soleá (Por Buleria (Por media)), then you should have in your ear the sounds of the common chord voicings and cadences. 随着时间的推移, you’ll learn to use this information to tell you if what you’re hearing is 超过五分镍币 or 为什么Arriba.

想想为什么ArribaGpk电子游戏平台经常弹F, E, 解析为E的F rasgueado模式, 或者典型的埃斯科比拉旋律是什么. 超过五分镍币 we do more of that Bb with the note F on top to C9 to Bb without the F on top, 对A的分辨率与对E的分辨率有不同的模式.

记住,你花在解决这些问题上的时间是值得花的! You’re training your ears and becoming more familiar with how the guitar works in various keys in flamenco.

第三个问题:那么交替调优呢?

Sometimes you’ll try to learn a piece and realize it’s not in any of the keys you’ve played before. 可能是用塔兰托调演奏的探戈, 例如, 但也可能是另一种调音.

Alternate tunings are what they sound like – ways of tuning the guitar other than the standard  E A D G B E tuning. The most common alternate tuning in flamenco is probably Rondeña tuning, which is D A D F# B E. 另一个有趣的游戏是《Gpk电子游戏》, Gpk电子游戏平台把低E调到B,然后用Granaína调.

Until you’ve listened to (and even played) some of the alternate tunings it can be hard to recognize them, 但如果最低音比你吉他上的低音E低,就会泄露秘密.

如果你刚开始抄写,你不确定调弦是什么, 我建议你先找一些简单一点的工作! 如果你仍然不确定, 这可能是一个“作弊”的好时机,看看YouTube看看你是否正确.

首先解决这些问题:

回顾 Gpk电子游戏平台讨论的三个问题是:第一, finding where the capo is; secondly, hearing which key the voicings are being played; and thirdly, 但不总是, 是否涉及其他调优?

唷!! 现在 that those key issues are solved and out of the way, let’s continue with transcribing….

学习用这些简单的步骤转录音乐.

如果你只是一头扎进去,我建议你慢慢地、简单地开始. Choose something fairly traditional so you’re sure about your key and where the capo goes.

第一步:唱歌!

从你会唱的歌开始. 能够唱出这首歌就意味着你真的知道它, 所以你能算出来的机会更大. Something with a single line (only one note sounding at a time) to get used to hearing and finding a melody on the guitar.

第二步:简短

我也建议从简短的内容开始. Trying to sit down and learn a whole piece or even a whole falseta may feel overwhelming, 所以,选择一个可控的时间段开始. 也许 一次学习一个compás,甚至一个短语,无论多么短,在进入下一件事之前. 

无论你做什么, don’t try to figure out more than you can remember in your mind’s ear at any given moment.

有时候你甚至只需要在听力中关注一个音符, 一旦你得到了这些,更多的事情就会井然有序.

第三步:在指板上找到你的笔记

Listen to the highest and lowest notes in the phrase to determine where on the fretboard you should be.

如果最高的音符在第一根琴弦的第七fret上, 这是一个很好的机会,你将在一个更高的职位. If you have a lot of melody on the low notes on the sixth string there’s a good chance you’ll be in first position.

现在, through a combination of hunt-and-peck and hearing patterns that sound like ones you know, 你会开始构思旋律.

第四步:和谐如何?

For chords I recommend listening for the root or the lowest note in the chord and then combine using your ears with 用你flamenco-sense. 以Soleá为例, 你知道F经常指向E, 较长的进音通常从A小调开始, 如果你不明白,你可以试试,看看会发生什么.

Again, any frustration you experience is just you learning to open up your ears and explore. 即使你第一次没有做到完美,这也会及时得到回报.

第五步:放慢速度!

Jazzers, 对他们来说,抄写是一种生活方式, will argue about the benefits or dangers of slowing music down in order to transcribe. 我认为让音乐慢下来是一个很好的开始方式.

我最喜欢的让音乐慢下来的工具是 神奇的慢下来. 这是一个很好的放慢速度和循环的工具. 我相信有一些较新的应用程序可以做到这一点,但这个应用程序已经为我服务了很多年.

Once you become more proficient at it it’ll be better for your ears to try learning material without slowing down, but sometimes the process just goes faster because you have a chance to really hear a line when it’s slow. 如果你的目标只是学习材料,那就去学吧. 如果你正在训练你的耳朵,也许你可以抵制这种诱惑.

完美的? 不是完美的? 没关系 只要呆在Compás!

当我开始抄写时,我写错了很多笔记. 通常是因为我听不太清楚. 但我还是用这种方法学到了很多假声,可能有几百个!

没有百分百的正确,实际上从来没有以任何方式伤害过我. I kept them in compás and if I needed to simplify or if I simply got the notes wrong it was just fine.

I remember one time I had just started taking lessons with Enrique Melchor and I was showing off an 喜悦 falseta I had transcribed from one of his records. 他笑了起来,说我做得很好, 因为在唱片上他是用D调演奏的,而我是用E调演奏的!

用伟大的音乐耳朵奖励自己

Like everything else, transcribing is a skill that will develop the more you work on it. These days there is enough material online that you probably never have to transcribe anything at all if you don’t want to.

这对你的耳朵和你的音乐家大脑的好处是无法估量的. 我建议一开始就投入进去,做好一定程度的挫折的心理准备. 不要放弃, because soon after it will followed by a pretty amazing sense of accomplishment and a new way of hearing the music you love.